Planting peppers is a time-consuming, but rewarding process. Watching your peppers grow to produce the highest yield possible brings a sense of fulfillment that all the hard work was completely worth it. Of course, knowing if your pepper yield is good, bad, or somewhere in-between is an open question. So, how many peppers per plant can you count on?
With all the different pepper types in the market, it is impossible to have the same yield with every plant during harvesting. The number of fruits produced depends on the type of pepper planted, watering schedule, temperature and time to plant, and pollination success, among other factors. That said, the following is a guide on a general number of peppers per plant among the some of the most common types. We look at both the amount of fruits on a plant at any given time, as well as the potential overall seasonal yield if your growing and picking is fully optimized.
Table of Contents
- Expected peppers per plant (at a time and per season)
- Bell Pepper
- Banana Pepper
- Poblano Pepper
- Anaheim Pepper
- Jalapeño Pepper
- Serrano Pepper
- Cayenne Pepper
- Thai Pepper
- Habanero Pepper
- Ghost Pepper
- 7-Pot Pepper
- Scorpion Pepper
- Carolina Reaper
- How can you increase your peppers per plant?
- Reasons why your pepper plant is not producing
Expected peppers per plant (at a time and per season)
A bell pepper is one of the biggest fruits among pepper variants. Generally, peppers with larger fruits often tend to produce lower yields than the smaller ones. Therefore, on average, a healthy large bell pepper will produce 2 to 4 fruits per plant at any time and 8 to 10 bells in a season.
With proper growing conditions and maintenance, one banana pepper plant can produce between 25 and 50 pods, eventually becoming peppers. Over the course of the season, that’s 100 to 150 banana peppers if picked optimally for yield.
A poblano pepper can grow up to 5 feet tall and so wide that you may need to tie its branches to prevent them from breaking. On average, a poblano plant in a typical container or garden (2 feet tall) will yield 4 to 8 chilies per plant at any given time and up to 20 to 40 per season. But a poblano pepper plant allowed to grow to full size (5+ feet) can produce upwards of 145 peppers in a season.
Anaheim pepper is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.5 feet tall and produce peppers continuously for three years or so. Due to their large size, there are roughly 4 to 8 peppers per plant at any time, and you will harvest around 20-40 Anaheim peppers per plant in a season.
The jalapeño is a medium-sized chili pepper that can grow up to three inches once mature. A jalapeño plant will produce between 25 and 35 chilies at a time, and if picked when green, one jalapeño plant can yield 100 chilies over a season. If you prefer mature red jalapeños, that yield lessens as each jalapeño needs more time on the vine prior to picking.
Serrano peppers are similar to jalapeños in size, but the plants can grow up to 5 feet tall. Each serrano plant produces between 30 and 50 peppers at a time, and over a season a serrano plant can yield upwards of 100 to 150 chilies. Again, it’s highly dependent on whether you’re picking when green or red, among other factors.
Cayenne is a chili pepper plant that originates from South America and can grow to heights between 2 and 5 feet. Since most use cayenne peppers when red, the yield suffers compared to other chilies on this list, but it’s still quite a haul. On average, a healthy cayenne plant produces between 30 and 80 ripe red cayenne peppers over the course of a season.
Thai peppers are tiny, between 2 and 3 inches. So, Thai pepper plants can hold up to 40 to 75 chili pods at any one time. This is a chili that’s often picked when red, so the yield over a season can be slightly diminished. It’s still a big producer, though. Over the course of a season, if picked optimally for yield, expect anywhere from 100 to 150 total chilies.
A habanero plant usually grows tall and can reach up to 36 inches. Since habanero peppers are small in size, you will get higher yields than bell and Anaheim peppers. Expect the habanero pepper to have 30 to 40 chilies per plant at any given time. Expect between 80 to 90 habaneros per plant per season.
Ghost peppers have a longer growing period than many chili peppers, so their seasonal cycle can be one round less than many other chilies. A healthy ghost pepper plant can yield 40 to 50 ghost chilies per plant at any one time, and up to 80 to 100 ghost peppers over a season.
The Trinidad 7 Pot pepper plant has strikingly huge leaves and grows between 2 and 4 feet high. It’s also a slow grower and the chilies are typically picked when ripe. The 7 hot pepper plant produces up to 40 to 50 chilies at a time. Over a season, expect a yield of 80 to 100 total 7-pot peppers.
A mature scorpion plant grows up to 4 feet tall. Expect an average-sized scorpion pepper plant to yield 30 to 40 chilies at any one time, and 60 to 80 over a season (as they are picked when at a full red ripeness.) If it’s a larger plant, the amounts can range up quite a bit.
Known as the hottest pepper in the world, Carolina Reaper will need utmost care during planting and harvesting. With the right growing conditions and proper care, a mature Carolina reaper will produce between 20 and 30 chilies per plant at any one time. Over a season, expect a yield of 50 to 70 chilies.
How can you increase your peppers per plant?
Nothing can be more frustrating than waiting all season for your peppers only to end up with 3 or 4 sickly-looking chilies. If you’ve been there before, you could try these four simple steps to greatly boost your pepper production in the future.
- Start planting your peppers indoors: Depending on your location, begin planting your peppers indoors 6-8 weeks before frost. This gives your plants the longer growing season they require for multiple harvests in a season and enables them to mature fully and produce outdoors.
- Use appropriate soil for pepper planting: Growing healthy pepper plants begins with a healthy environment. If you want to start indoor planting before transferring your plant outside, you will need two different soils, one to start the seedlings and another for transplanting.
- Keeping the peppers in their ideal temperatures: Peppers tend to do well in warmer temperatures ranging between 70 and 80°F. Extremely cold or hot temperatures will reduce pepper yield due to stress.
- Mulching: Mulching the bases of pepper plants leaves them moist and protected, while improving their overall health. Once your plants start transitioning from flowering to fruiting, add some compost as fertilizers.
Reasons why your pepper plant is not producing
There can be many reasons why you’re not seeing great pepper yields, and it could be a mash-up of a few that are causing the issue. Here are the most common reasons to consider if your not seeing the peppers per plant that you’d prefer.
- Weather: Peppers are warm-season vegetables and require 70-80°F during the day and 60-70°F at night. Cool or hot temperatures will retard their growth, resulting in failure to produce fruits or flowers.
- Sun: Pepper plants require a longer growing season with not less than six hours of full sun.
- Inadequate nutrition: Pepper plants need more calcium and phosphorus to produce fruits.
- Blossom end rot: This occurs as a black or brown rot at the lower end of the pepper fruit. It is usually caused by calcium deficiency and happens when night temperatures are higher than 75°F. The rot eventually results in the loss of the peppers.
- Over-fertilization: Too much fertilizer may kill the plant.
UPDATE NOTICE: This post was updated on March 19, 2022 to include new content.
Expect 5-10 large bell peppers per well-grown plant, and 20-50 hot peppers per plant. Storage: Peppers don't stay fresh and crunchy for more than a few days, even in the refrigerator, so use them while they are in season.How many red peppers can 1 plant produce? ›
Generally, peppers with larger fruits often tend to produce lower yields than the smaller ones. Therefore, on average, a healthy large bell pepper will produce 2 to 4 fruits per plant at any time and 8 to 10 bells in a season.What pepper plant produces the most peppers? ›
Of all of the superhot pepper varieties we have grown, ghost peppers are by far the least troublesome and the most productive. You'll get more peppers, and earlier in the growing season.How many habaneros grow on one plant? ›
Habanero plants typically produce 30-40+ peppers per plant in ideal conditions. This means that if your plant only produces 5 or 10 peppers, you're missing out! There are a number of ways to get more peppers per plant, including fertilizing, pruning plants in the early season, and avoiding heat stress.How do you increase pepper yield? ›
- Start your pepper plants indoors.
- Use grow lights!
- Use the right soil.
- Use a big enough pot (for potted plants)
- Use the right fertilizer.
- Prune your plants.
- Optimize sunlight, heat and watering.
During the growing season, a pepper plant will be harvested multiple times overall, producing about 25 to 35 pods per plant.What's the easiest pepper to grow? ›
2) What are the easiest peppers to grow? If you don't want to wait too long for germination, Capsicum Annuum are probably the easiest to grow. These include jalapeños, serranos, cayennes, Thai peppers, Anaheim, Hatch, poblano, many ornamentals and more.What is the quickest growing pepper? ›
Of all the super hot peppers, two of our fastest growing is the Yellow Carolina Reaper and the original Red Carolina Reaper. These super hot peppers both matures starting around 90 days with the right conditions, which is faster than other super hots which can typically range from 100-120+ days to produce ripe pods.Can you make money selling peppers? ›
Can you make money in Hot Peppers as a Nursery or Farm? Definitely! Super hot pepper seeds are very popular with growers and hot pepper enthusiasts. You will have a unique product that not every local nursery or farmer's market will carry.How many serrano peppers per plant? ›
Mature serrano pepper plants will generally reach a max height of between 1.5 to 5.0 ft tall. Each plant can hold up to 50 pepper pods. For the purpose of the Bronx Hot Sauce we encourage you to harvest the peppers GREEN.
Growing peppers outdoors can be a good source of income. In a few words, pepper is a perennial plant, but growers, in most cases, treat it as an annual. Most commercial sweet pepper or chilies growers start the crop from seeds (hybrids) in an indoor protected environment.How many years will a pepper plant produce? ›
Production usually drops off after 5 or 6 years or so, but they can live a couple decades and beyond.How many peppers should I plant for a family of 4? ›
How many vegetable to plant for a family.
|Plants per 1 person||1 to 3|
|Plants per 4 People||1 to 12|
|Plant spacing||12 to 24 in.|
Pepper. Grow 2 to 3 plants per person. Yield 5 to 18 pounds per 10-foot row. Space plants 18 to 24 inches apart in rows 28 to 36 inches apart.What does Epsom salt do for pepper plants? ›
Being the best source of both these elements, Epsom salt for peppers is very effective. Its application reduces slow growth, makes the pepper plants healthier, lusher and greener than before (due to the boost in chlorophyll production), and induces larger and tastier fruits.Does pruning peppers increase yield? ›
If timed correctly, proper pruning encourages strong sturdy stems, good branching, reduced disease and pest pressure, fruits that ripen quickly and evenly, and for many pepper varieties, it also results in improved yields. While pruning peppers isn't 100% necessary, it can improve the health of the plant.Should you trim the lower leaves on pepper plants? ›
Peppers do not require as much pruning as tomatoes, but it's still important to keep the bottom leaves and stems cleared. This allows for good air flow and light, 2 vital keys to growing a great crop.How many jalapeño plants can I plant in a 5 gallon bucket? ›
We usually plant one pepper plant in each 5 gallon pot, but if you have larger pots you can plant 2-3 peppers depending on the size of the container.Do jalapeños get hotter the longer they stay on the plant? ›
Let chili peppers age on the vine
The longer a hot pepper ages, the spicier they become. The amount of capsaicin in the fruit increases over time, so if you can wait until those green jalapeños turn red, then you're in for a much spicier experience.
Peppers of all types are grown as annuals by most gardeners: sown, grown, picked, then condemned to the compost heap at the end of the season. Yet these hard-working plants are perennials that, given the right conditions, will happily overwinter to next year.
Frugivorous bird do the work
Its mode of production and collect make the Bird Pepper the rarest pepper in the world. The birds approach the pepper plantations during the harvest period, as the pepper grains mature and turn from green to red.
Green bell peppers are slightly bitter and the least sweet, while red bell peppers are the sweetest.What peppers grow best in hot weather? ›
Peppers: Although bell peppers produce poorly during high temperatures, hot peppers and sweet peppers such as banana, 'Gypsy' and pimento produce very well despite the heat. Plant transplants now spaced about 18 inches apart.What do peppers not like to grow with? ›
There's really no evidence that certain plants will somehow affect pepper growth, but you may want to avoid planting peppers near cabbage and other brassicas such as broccoli and cauliflower (because peppers prefer slightly different soil acidity levels) and fennel (which some gardeners say inhibits pepper development) ...What is the best month to plant pepper? ›
Sow seeds in late winter or early spring, no more than two months before your last frost date. Sow into pots or plug trays of seed-starting mix.
When are hot peppers in season? They show up a little later than other summer vegetables, usually in July. They grow into fall, often through October in coastal climates. July, August, September, and October.What is the hottest naturally grown pepper? ›
- Carolina Reaper: 2,200,000 SHU.
- Trinidad Moruga Scorpion: 2,009,231 SHU.
- 7 Pot Douglah: 1,853,936 SHU.
- 7 Pot Primo: 1,469,000 SHU.
- Trinidad Scorpion Butch T: 1,463,700 SHU.
A large pepper plant will produce 3-4 lbs. of chiles during a growing season. As the peppers mature cut them off the branches so the plant will continue to flower and produce more peppers.Why are green peppers the cheapest? ›
Why on earth are green bell peppers always cheaper than red, yellow or orange bell peppers? The simple answer is that green bell peppers are unripened red, yellow or orange bell peppers. They often cost less to produce, which makes them cheaper.Why do peppers cost so much? ›
Maturity Dictates Price
These peppers are harvested sooner, before they're fully ripened, requiring less growing time than the other colored peppers. Yellow, orange, and red peppers use more resources since they're harvested later, making them more expensive.
Poblanos are dark green in color, wide at the stem and narrow along the length of the pepper. When they're mature, they're about four inches long and two inches wide. When left to fully ripen and dry out, the dehydrated and dried poblano peppers are called ancho chiles.How long do poblano peppers take to grow? ›
Seeds can be started indoors or planted outside, and after germination, plants will reach maturity in 65 to 80 days, with the fruit growing four inches long on average. They are not huge plants, but will fatten up nicely as they grow.How many chilli peppers per plant? ›
While a healthy bell pepper plants may produce 4-6 large sweet bell peppers, a chili plant might give 30-60 small spicy fruits. Once fruiting, peppers will continuously fruit until the temperature doesn't allow it anymore.What makes peppers grow faster? ›
Keeping pepper seeds warm at 80-90˚ F is best for fast and successful germination. Most pepper seeds germinate within 7-21 days, but some can take longer than that so be patient and keep them consistently warm. Seedling heat mats can help greatly!How much do jalapeno farmers make? ›
|Estimated Cost||$2200 per acre|
|Yield Potential||10,000- 20,000 lbs/acre|
|Profit Potential||$0 to $1,500 per acre|
|Labor Requirements||2- 3 man-days per acre during harvest- machine harvest potential|
While we don't recommend it, overwintered plants can be used to produce peppers through the winter. With a grow light and a warm room, your plants can continue to grow pods through winter.How many times can you harvest bell peppers? ›
Bell pepper is harvested two times each year – summer (June 9 – July 30) and fall (September 18 November 8). The horticultural, harvest and packing processes are virtually the same regardless of the season. The first step of the pepper process is proper land preparation.Do you need 2 pepper plants to get peppers? ›
Peppers will grow well just by themselves, but they're more productive if you plant two of them together. I started these peppers separately in jiffy pots, then grouped them together when it was time to move them to bigger pots.How many years can a pepper plant live? ›
These include Bell Peppers, sweet/Italian Peppers, Serrano, Cayenne, Paprika, Hatch Chile Peppers, ornamental peppers like the gorgeous NuMex Twilight pepper, and all of the fast growing Jalapeños. These pepper plants can live between 1.5-3 years.Does picking peppers encourage growth? ›
Does picking peppers make more grow? Yes, picking peppers off your pepper plants will keep them producing more pods. We also like to pinch off the first blossoms on pepper seedlings to ensure that they put more energy into growing so they produce more pods later.
Peppers of all types are grown as annuals by most gardeners: sown, grown, picked, then condemned to the compost heap at the end of the season. Yet these hard-working plants are perennials that, given the right conditions, will happily overwinter to next year.Can I plant peppers 12 inches apart? ›
For most varieties, pepper plants should be spaced at 12-18″ (30-46 cm) between plants. Larger varieties can be given slightly more space, but will usually not need more than 18 inches. This spacing will prevent the plants from competing for space both above and below ground.How many peppers can you grow in a 5 gallon bucket? ›
How many Pepper Plants per Container? We usually plant one pepper plant in each 5 gallon pot, but if you have larger pots you can plant 2-3 peppers depending on the size of the container. It also depends on the variety, some peppers are smaller in size than others.How many pepper plants can you plant in a 4x4 raised bed? ›
It is suggested that you plant pepper plants about 18 to 24 inches apart from each other in a 4 × 4 raised bed, which means that you can fit anywhere from six to nine plants comfortably and probably more if you want to.What month should you harvest peppers? ›
Keep Picking – When To Pick Peppers & How To Know They Are Ripe. As the growing season rolls into mid to late August, you will notice your pepper plants producing and turning peppers at a faster rate. This is the time to leave a fair amount to ripen fully to their mature color.What is the best time of day to pick peppers? ›
This early harvesting allows the bell peppers to reach their peak flavor and sweetness. The best time to harvest bell peppers is in the early morning before the heat of the day kicks in. Harvesting bell peppers before they reach their peak of ripeness results in a juicier pepper.What is the best fertilizer for bell peppers? ›
While the best pepper plant fertilizer depends on soil condition and the gardener's preference, the top performer is Pepper & Herb Fertilizer 11-11-40 Plus Micro Nutrients. This fertilizer is formulated to provide a balanced ratio of nutrients essential for pepper plants.Do peppers like to be crowded? ›
Another issue gardeners run into is planting their peppers too closely. These plants grow to be larger. To avoid disease, they must be given adequate room to grow and have enough airflow around them.
Peppers and brassicas (members of the cabbage family) do not make good neighbors. So avoid planting peppers alongside cabbages, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, kohlrabi etc… For one thing – they will do best in different conditions.What happens if you plant peppers too close together? ›
If peppers are planted too close, they'll grow into their neighbors. This reduces air circulation around the plants and the foliage won't dry off as quickly after watering or rain. Wet foliage is an invitation to disease.