What Is Pepper Spray Made Of (2023)

1. What Pepper Spray Is and How It's Used - Home and Garden

  • The active ingredient in pepper spray is oleoresin capsicum (OC), a natural oil found in many types of hot peppers, including cayenne peppers and other ...

  • Are you wondering what is pepper spray and how is it used? Check out this page and learn about using pepper spray and what's in pepper spray.

What Pepper Spray Is and How It's Used - Home and Garden

2. [PDF] Oleoresin Capsicum: Pepper Spray as a Force Alternative

  • OC is a naturally occurring substance. It is found In the o~ly resm of cayenne and other var~etie\ of peppers-the same peppcrs used to "heat up" spicy foods ...

3. Pepper Spray History | Zarc International

  • In the early 1980's Zarc International, Inc. introduced the first portable pepper spray using its proprietary “capsicum pepper technology”. This product was ...

  • Q: Can you name something occurring in nature that can both cause and relieve pain? 

Pepper Spray History | Zarc International

4. Tear Gas vs. Pepper Spray - Aftermath Services

  • Chemical makeup: The active ingredient in pepper spray is Oleoresin Capsicum (OC). OC is not a man-made chemical, it is created from the active compound in hot ...

  • The two biggest differences between tear gas spray and pepper spray are their chemical makeup and delivery methods. Pepper spray (sometimes referred to as “OC spray“) is a combination of natural chemicals, whereas tear gas (also called “CS gas“) comes from man-made compounds. Learn more about the different effects of each type of spray.

5. What is Pepper Spray?

  • Pepper spray is made up of an active ingredient called OC (Oleoresin Capsicum) and other inert ingredients. They can be water or oil based. The best formula ...

  • What is defense pepper spray? Learn about the active OC (Oleoresin Capsicum) ingredient of defense spray, formula effectiveness and how they work to stop attackers from harming you.

What is Pepper Spray?

6. How Dangerous is Pepper Spray? | Poison Control

  • Pepper spray contains capsaicin. Mace contains the chemical chloroacetophenone and should not be confused with the spice mace, which comes from the same plant ...

  • Lacrimators are chemicals that cause tear production and are typically used for personal protection and crowd control. These chemicals cause

How Dangerous is Pepper Spray? | Poison Control

7. What is the Difference Between Mace and Pepper Spray?

  • Feb 16, 2022 · Mace® Brand is actually a brand of pepper spray. Mace® Brand pepper spray is created with OC, Oleoresin capsicum. It's a naturally occurring ...

  • Mace® Brand is actually a brand of pepper spray. Mace® Brand pepper spray is created with OC, Oleoresin capsicum. It’s a naturally occurring substance derived from hot peppers. The second biggest ingredient is triple filtered water! Mace® Brand has a variety of safety products that include defense sprays, and more.  It

What is the Difference Between Mace and Pepper Spray?

8. Tear Gas and Pepper Spray Toxicity - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf

  • May 14, 2023 · Tear gas and pepper spray are lay terms to describe a group of agents used to subdue combative persons in a non-lethal manner. The three most ...

  • Tear gas and pepper spray are a group of heterogeneous agents known under broader categories as riot control agents, harassing agents, incapacitating agents, or lacrimators. Although initially utilized by the military in World War I, they are now used for personal protection or by law enforcement agencies as a non-lethal option for subduing combative subjects as well as crowd control.[1] As a group, these substances cause acute eye pain, tearing, skin irritation, and respiratory tract irritation. 

Tear Gas and Pepper Spray Toxicity - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf


What is the pepper spray made of? ›

The main component of pepper spray is an oil known as oleoresin capsicum. This oil comes from plants in the genus Capsicum, which includes chili peppers. The active ingredient in pepper spray is capsaicin, the same chemical that adds the characteristic heat to chili peppers.

Is pepper spray enough? ›

Although pepper spray is very effective on people who are under the influence of drugs or alcohol (due to the inflammatory effects), remember that not everything is foolproof. When spraying your attacker, be sure to side-step so that they do not contaminate you. Run away when you can.

What is the chemical formula for pepper spray? ›

So yes, pepper spray is chemical. The active ingredient is capsaicin, the chemical that gives chili peppers their heat. The chemical formula is C18H27NO3. (That's 18 carbon atoms, 27 hydrogen atoms, an atom of nitrogen and three oxygen atoms per molecule.)

What is the strongest pepper spray made? ›

Fox labs pepper spray is the hottest pepper spray used by police and military worldwide now available to the public. Most pepper sprays are between 1/2 million to 2 million scoville heat units; however, fox pepper spray is refined to 5. 3 million scoville heat units.

What hurts more tear gas or pepper spray? ›

Regardless of how rough the individual experience is, it's pretty clear that, to those who've had the misfortune of experiencing the gas chamber and pepper spray, the latter is a much more painful encounter. But while one might suck a little more than the other, we highly recommend avoiding both.

How painful is pepper spray? ›

How painful was it? Well, the two groups of recruits reported a mean initial eye discomfort level of 9.6 and 9.7. Pain only decreased to around 8.7 and 7.2 10 minutes later. Meanwhile, respiratory discomfort was initially rated as 8.2/8.6 and there was little change 10 minutes later.

How long will pepper spray burn? ›

The spray allows the victim to separate from the attacker and gives them time to escape. Capsaicin is a strong irritant which causes a reaction on contact. Although the effects of the spray can persist about 30 minutes to several hours, long-term issues are not expected.

Does pepper spray expire? ›

However, pepper spray does have an expiration date; it's critical to understand when pepper spray expires to ensure that you're adequately prepared for any situation. Generally, pepper spray has an effective life of up to three or four years from the manufacturing date.

Does pepper spray have real pepper? ›

The active ingredient in pepper spray is oleoresin capsicum (OC), a natural oil found in many types of hot peppers, including cayenne peppers and other chili peppers. OC contains a compound called capsaicin, which is what's responsible for the spicy sensation when you eat a hot pepper.

Does pepper spray work on dogs? ›

As many employees of the U.S. Postal Service know, pepper spray is one of the most effective weapons to deter dog attacks. Inexpensive, compact and effective, it can repel aggressive canines without causing any lasting or long-term damage to them. SABRE makes Dog Sprays that are EPA-approved, short-term, and humane.

What's hotter than pepper spray? ›

Law enforcement-grade pepper spray and the hottest hot pepper, the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, both pack a punch of about 1.6 million Scoville heat units. Pure capsaicin comes in at 16 million Scoville units, while pure resiniferatoxin has 16 billion—yes, billion—Scoville heat units.

Is there anything stronger than pepper spray? ›

Pepper spray is designed to temporarily incapacitate a human attacker. Bear spray contains a higher concentration of the active ingredient – making it the stronger spray - and is designed to be shot at a further distance from the attacker.

What works better than pepper spray? ›

When it comes to which is better, a taser or pepper spray, the ease of using the device is a big consideration. Both are relatively simple to use. However, the ability to hit a target at a safe distance is important when you're warding off an attacker, which makes a stun gun a better option for many users.

What to do if pepper spray gets on skin? ›

If someone has been accidentally sprayed with pepper spray, do not panic. Gently wash irritated skin several times with soap and warm water – as warm as tolerated because it is better at removing capsaicin but may increase discomfort. Then, repeated cool water soaks may help relieve burning sensation or irritation.

Is pepper spray bad for self-defense? ›

Pepper spray is not a magic solution, it can be a layer of safety but ONLY if you really train it, just having it around does not make invincible. The sad fact is that pepper spray often gives many people a false sense of safety and that can be VERY dangerous.

What kind of pepper makes pepper spray? ›

Oleoresin Capsicum (OC), commonly known as “pepper spray,” is a highly inflammatory, oil-based extract from chili pepper plants in the genus Capsicum.


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